Diabetes in Cats and Dogs

Diabetes mellitus in pets is similar to diabetes in humans and can affect cats and dogs, especially if they are overweight or obese. Diabetes mellitus is a disorder in which the body does not produce enough or respond normally to insulin, causing blood sugar (glucose) level to be abnormally high. Typically, cats experience type II diabetes and dogs are more likely to have type I, but this is not an absolute.

If you notice the following symptoms, it’s essential to consult a veterinarian for a diagnosis right away.

 Early Signs and Symptoms

  • Excessive drinking
  • Excessive urination
  • Ravenous appetite with weight loss
  • Cloudy looking eyes
  • Deteriorating coat
  • Sleeping more

Uncontrolled Diabetes Health Risks

  • Cataracts in dogs
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Delayed healing
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis, which can cause:
    • electrolyte imbalances
    • muscle damage
    • heart failure
    • fluid buildup in the lungs
    • kidney damage
    • death

Fortunately, diabetes can be managed with insulin, diet, and dedication. Treatment success rates vary, with some diabetic cats going into remission, while diabetic dogs usually require lifelong treatment. However, with proper management, pets can lead a full life.

 Treatment and Success

  • Consistent insulin administration and an appropriate diet are key to managing diabetes.
  • Some diabetic cats can go into remission, but many will need lifelong treatment.
  • Uncontrolled diabetes can make pets feel lethargic, but well-managed pets can have an excellent quality of life.

Prevention and Early Warning Signs

  • Keep your pet at a healthy weight.
  • Watch for excessive drinking, urination, increased appetite, and unexplained weight loss.

It’s important for pet parents to work closely with their veterinarian to ensure the best possible care for their diabetic pets. By maintaining a healthy weight, providing a consistent proper diet, and monitoring their pet’s symptoms, pet parents can help their furry family live a happy and healthy life despite being diagnosed with diabetes.

If your pet is diabetic and you have questions, please make an appointment with one of the Safe Haven Veterinary Hospital doctors to answer your questions and help you manage your pet’s condition. If you see any of the symptoms or warning signs, please schedule an appointment right away for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

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